Gas and Liquid Hydrocarbons Processing

Gazprom Group’s processing capacities in 2014:

  • natural and associated gas — 30.5 billion m3
  • unstable gas condensate and oil — 68.1 million t

What companies of Gazprom Group are focused on the extracted feedstock processing?

Gazprom Group’s processing segment is made up of gas and gas condensate processing plants, oil refining capacities of Gazprom Neft. The Group also includes OAO Gazprom Neftekhim Salavat, one of the largest oil refining and petrochemical industrial complexes in Russia and Sibmetakhim, which owns the methanol production plant in Tomsk.

Gas is processed at six plants: the Orenburg Helium Plant, the Astrakhan, Orenburg and Sosnogorsk Gas Processing Plants, the Surgut Condensate Stabilization Plant, and the Urengoy Condensate Treatment Plant, and OAO Gazprom Neftekhim Salavat.

Gazprom Group’s hydrocarbon refining and petrochemical capacity in Russia as of December, 31 2014
Gazprom Group’s hydrocarbon refining and petrochemical capacity in Russia as of December, 31 2014
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Oil refining in Gazprom Group is performed mostly on the premises of Gazprom Neft. Gazprom Neft refines about 80% of produced oil. The Omsk Refinery, the company’s primary oil refinery, is one of the most advanced in Russia and the largest in the world. The company also comprises the Moscow and Yaroslavl Oil refineries as well as the refining complex of Serbian NIS. The aggregate volume of oil refined in 2014 totaled 43.5 million t. In 2013 all the company’s oil refineries switched to the production of Euro 4 and Euro 5 fuels.

The next stage of modernization is aimed at enhancing the oil refining efficiency – by 2020 it will total 95%, thus allowing the company’s plants to reach the global level in terms of technological equipment.

In 2014 the volume of oil refined at the Omsk Refinery broke a record of 21.28 million t of crude oil. The refining efficiency increased to 93.02%. This is one of the best indicators in the industry.

In 2014 the Moscow Refinery of Gazprom Neft (installed capacity – 12.15 million t per annum) refined 10.76 million t of oil.

Gazprom Neft controls a 50% stake in OAO NGK Slavneft owning the Slavneft-YANOS refinery (installed capacity – 15.2 million t). Gazprom Neft has therefore access to its refining capacities proportionately to the stake held.

Gazprom Neftekhim Salavat, part of Gazprom Group is a unique production complex designed for the full cycle of hydrocarbon feedstock processing, petrochemistry and mineral fertilizer production. The company’s hydrocarbon feedstock processing capacities amount to 10 million t a year. The company’s product range exceeds 120 item names. The companies of Gazprom Neftekhim Salavat are linked by raw material, transport and product flows with gas producing and processing subsidiaries of Gazprom.

Gazprom’s gas chemical sector undergoes expansion as part of the creation of the Novy Urengoy Gas Chemical Complex, which is aimed for producing 400 thousand t of low density polyethylene per annum derived from the processing over 1.4 million t of associated gases per annum at the Urengoy Condensate Treatment Plant. Preparations are underway for constructing the Amur gas processing plant, including helium production facilities in eastern Russia.

In 2014 Gazprom’s companies processed 30.5 billion m3 of natural and associated gas, 68.1 million t of oil and unstable gas condensate.

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What are the prospects for associated petroleum gas (APG) utilization in Gazprom?

In order to improve the efficiency of gas utilization, minimize environmental and taxation risks and to benefit from extra volumes of APG and its derivatives sold, Gazprom Group has been tackling the APG utilization challenge since 2008.

The efficient ways of APG utilization in the Group’s fields are primarily being developed in the following areas:

  • increasing the share of APG produced at oil, gas and condensate fields to be processed jointly with natural gas by means of creating extra compressor capacities; 
  • creating power generating units to produce electricity both for process needs and for marketing through the unified power supply system;
  • constructing new gas processing plants and subsequently delivering final products to the existing and projected facilities;
  • building petrochemical capacities for advanced processing in order to receive high value added products;
  • injecting excessive APG volumes into the pay zone to boost oil recovery;
  • creating gas chemical capacities for APG processing into liquid hydrocarbons in the regions devoid of a gas transmission infrastructure, first of all, in respect to Eastern Siberian fields.

In 2014 the level of APG utilization at the fields of Gazprom’s gas production subsidiaries averaged some 93.5% (90.9% in 2013, 70% in 2012).

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APG utilization by Gazprom Group in 2014
APG volume, billion m3 10,1
APG utilization,% 93,5
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Does Gazprom have processing companies abroad?

Yes, it does. In February 2009 Gazprom Neft acquired a controlling stake in Serbia’s Naftna Industrija Srbije (NIS) that owns two refineries in Pancevo and Novi Sad with the total capacity of 7.3 million t of oil per annum. In autumn 2012 NIS commissioned a light cracking and hydrotreating unit for motor fuels at the Pancevo Refinery. This enabled the company to completely switch to the production of Euro 5 gasoline and diesel starting from 2013.

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